In this page (always in development), all the concepts related to crowdsourcing are going to be defined. Do you want to suggest any term?
- Crowd: it is the group of individuals to whom the undertaking of a task of a crowdsourcing initiative will be offered. This group is characterized by being heterogeneous and by the fact that its members do not know each other. The number of people who will conform the crowd, will depend on each crowdsourcing initiative.
- Crowdfunding: it is a type of crowdsourcing activity in which the task of the crowd is giving money.
- Crowdsourcer: it is the individual, institution, non-profit organization or company who begins a crowdsourcing activity asking to the crowd to perform a task.
- Crowdsourcing: it is a type of participative online activity in which an individual, an institution, a non-profit organization, or company proposes to a group of individuals of varying knowledge, heterogeneity, and number, via a flexible open call, the voluntary undertaking of a task. The undertaking of the task, of variable complexity and modularity, and in which the crowd should participate bringing their work, money, knowledge and/or experience, always entails mutual benefit. The user, or crowdworker, will receive the satisfaction of a given type of need, be it economic, social recognition, self-esteem, or the development of individual skills, while the crowdsourcer will obtain and utilize to their advantage that what the user has brought to the venture, whose form will depend on the type of activity undertaken
- Crowdworker: it is the individual who voluntary decides to carry out a task from a crowdsourcing initiative.
- Microtask: microtasking is the act of breaking a large project into tiny, well defined tasks. The resultant microtasks are proposed to the crowd and are characterized because: it can be performed independently, it requires human participation or intelligence (so it can not be performed automatically by a computer) and because it can be done in a short period of time. Some experts, like Sharon Chiarella, vice president of Amazon Mechanical Turk, indicates that this “short period” should be less than an hour. Examples: AMT, Microtask.